At the peak of summer, the month of July has been established as National Pet Hydration Month. While keeping water available to indoor and outdoor pets may seem like common sense, the summer heat can increase risks for dehydration. Providing clean, fresh water for your dog or cat is the single best way to prevent dehydration. However, there are some other factors to consider when it comes to hydration and your pets.
Dehydration occurs when the body loses more fluid than it’s taking in. Water is vital to all living things. It affects every process in the body from organ function to circulation and digestion. Many articles describe the health benefits of humans maintaining water consumption, and the same goes for our furry friends. At the bottom line, keeping your pet hydrated is important to keeping them healthy.
How to Know if Your Pet is Dehydrated?
Common Signs of Dehydration:
- Loss of appetite
- Reduced energy levels
- Lethargy or depression
- Sunken, dry-looking eyes
- Dry nose and gums
- Loss of skin elasticity
You may be able to detect dehydration at home by gently pinching and lifting the skin over your dog or cat’s shoulder blades. Normally, the skin should quickly return back to its regular position. If the skin stays gathered when you release it, you may have a dehydrated cat on your hands. This is known as “skin tenting” and is a common sign of dehydration. However, this technique does not work as well in cats that are very overweight or very thin.
How to Check Your Pet’s Hydration
What Causes Dehydration?
Dehydration in dogs and cats can be caused by multiple things. When a pet has reduced water intake or increased fluid loss, they are prone to dehydration. This may also cause a loss of electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium which have important functions in the body.
- Overheating in hot weather
- Heavy work or exercise
- A lack of clean drinking water
- Acute illness or period of vomiting or diarrhea
- An underlying health condition such as diabetes or kidney disease
How is Dehydration Treated?
Since dehydration is typically a symptom of a larger problem, your veterinarian will need to examine your dog or cat to identify and treat any underlying condition. Severe cases of dehydration require emergency veterinary attention. Without intervention, severe dehydration can lead to organ failure and death.
Prevention: How to Keep Your Pet Hydrated
The best way to keep your pet hydrated is to make fresh water available at all times and replace their water daily to encourage them to drink. Some pets, particularly cats, are finicky drinkers, prefer certain bowls, and even prefer to drink in certain locations. Some dogs and cats prefer to drink moving water from a pet water fountain bowl or a dripping kitchen faucet.
- Keep their water bowls clean and wash them regularly to prevent bacteria growth.
- Use a portable or collapsible bowl if you are traveling or on the go.
- Experiment with different water bowls, and consider trying a pet water fountain.
- Make sure you offer enough water sources if you have a multi-pet household
- Try offering wet food in your dog or cat’s diet can help provide a source of hydration.
- Ask your veterinarian about a hydration supplement or electrolyte fluid.
Keep a good eye on your dog or cat’s drinking habits. If your pet has any sudden changes including a decrease or increase in drinking water, you should contact your veterinarian. Speak with your veterinarian about a liquid hydration supplement to help boost your pet’s fluid intake, or incorporating wet food into their diet.
Hydration and Electrolyte Supplements for Dogs and Cats
VetRxDirect carries a variety of hydration supplements, and we’ve highlighted some of them below!
- Oralade is a ready-to-use, liquid formula for cats and dogs that includes balanced electrolytes, nutrients, amino acids, and glucose in purified water.
- Oralade supports dogs and cats with critical nutritional and hydration needs.
Purina Hydra Care
- Purina Hydra Care is a nutrient-enriched water supplement that promotes healthy hydration in cats.
- It contains nutritional osmolytes to help cells absorb water and combat dehydration.
- Encourages cats to consume more liquid than with just water alone. Learn more.
Thomas Pet Hydrade
- HydrADE is an electrolyte replacement supplement for dogs and cats that helps support normal hydration and encourages water consumption.
- Helps maintain positive fluid levels during episodes of dehydration in dogs and cats.
- Pet-A-Lyte is a liquid electrolyte solution for dogs and cats.
- Helps provide nutrients, electrolytes, and oral hydration.
- Aids in recovery from illness or surgery.
- Helps with mild fluid loss and dehydration.
- Tasty chicken flavor.
This information is not intended to diagnose or treat any disease and is purely educational. Please seek advice from your pet’s veterinarian with any questions regarding the health of your pet.