Why has my veterinarian prescribed Chloramphenicol?
Chloramphenicol is a broad spectrum oral antibiotic prescribed to treat many common bacterial infections in dogs and cats including urinary tract, skin, and respiratory tract infections. This medication is available in capsules, tablets, or as an oral suspension. Eye and ear products are available as well. Trade names for Chloramphenicol include: Chloromycetin®, Duricol™ Chloramphenicol, Capsules U.S.P., and Viceton®.
What should I talk to my veterinarian about before giving my pet this medication?
Talk to your veterinarian about any required rechecks while on this medication and what tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug. Also ask your veterinarian about the risks and benefits of using this drug. Be sure to tell your veterinarian about all medicines and supplements that you give your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet's medicines can be given together.
Pets that should not take this medication include animals:
Use Chloramphenicol with caution in cats due to possibility of abnormal blood cell production.
Be sure to tell your veterinarian if your pet has experienced:
How do I give Chloramphenicol?
First, READ THE LABEL CAREFULLY.
Give Chloramphenicol to your pet as directed by your veterinarian.
DO NOT give your pet more medicine than directed.
DO NOT give your pet medicine more often than prescribed.
DO NOT stop giving your pet Chloramphenicol unless directed by your veterinarian. Plan ahead to ensure you have the refills you need.
May be given on a full or empty stomach.
This medication may be given with or without food.
Some Chloramphenicol tablets are enteric coated to hide the natural bitter taste. Crushing tablets and hiding them in your pet's food may not be effective. Hand-pilling is the most effective dosing option. After giving the medication to your pet, watch it closely to ensure the entire dose was consumed.
This medication is usually given three times daily. If that dosing schedule is inconvenient and you think you may miss doses, talk to your veterinarian about another antibiotic with a less frequent administration schedule.
People should not take this product. It is banned by the FDA for use in humans (and food animals).
Wash hands after handling this medication or consider wearing gloves.
Pet owners allergic to Chloramphenicol and/or other antibiotics should avoid handling this drug.
Children and pregnant women should not handle Chloramphenicol. Avoid inhaling the powder if you crush tablets.
While your dog is undergoing treatment, wear gloves to clean up vomit, urine and feces and place all waste in a plastic bag in the trash.
Return unused Chloramphenicol to your veterinarian or pharmacist for proper disposal.
Missed doses reduce the effectiveness of therapy.
Finish the entire course of treatment.
Try to give this medication at the same time every day.
If I miss a dose, what do I do?
If you miss a dose, give it to your pet as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose, then continue with the regular dosing schedule. Do not give your pet two doses at once.
How do I store Chloramphenicol?
Keep this medicine out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
Store tablets and powder in a tight, light resistant, childproof container at room temperature in a dry, cool place. Keep this medicine away from heat and direct sunlight.
Do not allow the oral suspension from freezing.
What are the potential side effects of Chloramphenicol?
Chloramphenicol may cause a decrease in appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and depression.
Pets – especially cats -- may experience abnormal blood cell production.
Young animals may accumulate toxic levels of Chloramphenicol.
It is important to stop therapy and contact your veterinarian immediately if you think your pet has a medical problem or side effect from this product's therapy.
What about possible drug interactions?
Chloramphenicol may interact with: aminoglycosides, amoxicillin, clindamycin, cyclophosphamide, erythromycin, lincomycin, penicillins, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, rifampin, streptomycin, and tylosin.
This medication may interfere with vaccinations.
Contact your veterinarian if your pet experiences any unusual reactions when different medications are given together.
What about overdosing?
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the prescribed amount.
What else should I know?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal's condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment. As with all prescribed medicines, Chloramphenicol should only be given to the pet for which it was prescribed. It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed.
This is just a summary of information about Chloramphenicol. If you have any questions or concerns about Chloramphenicol or the condition it was prescribed for, contact your veterinarian.
You can find a Client Information Sheet which provides a summary of information about Viceton(Chloramphenicol) Tablets for Pets by following the link below:
If you have questions or concerns about Viceton(Chloramphenicol) Tablets, or conditions related to its use, contact your pet's veterinarian or pharmacist.
*This link opens in a new window.